As a Catholic priest, Matthew Fox promoted goddess worship, Wicca, and Neopaganism in the Catholic Church. He denies the existence of sin—with one exception. He says that it is sinful to fail to embrace the New Age. He encourages the use of drugs as “an aid to prayer.”19
Fox founded the Institute for Culture and Creation Spirituality. It is located at Holy Names College (a Catholic college run by nuns). Staff members of the Institute included a practicing witch named Starhawk, a voodoo priestess, a shaman (an animist who worships nature spirits), and a Jungian psychologist. Starhawk is the high priestess of a witches’ coven. The Institute has developed a Catholic liturgy that is based on Wiccan sources.20
Fox is the founder, president, and editor-in-chief of a magazine titled Creation. You can get some idea of what he believes by the art work in his magazine. The July/August 1991 issue of Creation featured a picture of Jesus Christ, naked, seated in a lotus position, with antlers on his head. The May/June 1992 issue featured a picture titled “The Qetzalcoatl Christ.” It showed the Aztec snake god with the face of Jesus Christ.21
Matthew Fox is a popular speaker with great influence. He denies original sin and redemption. He says that we need to “embark on a quest for the Cosmic Christ” and in order to do this, we need to stop seeking the “historical Jesus.” He teaches that people of all religions should be united at “a mystical level.” He openly promotes witchcraft, shamanism, astrology, and Neopagan religions. He praises the writings of the witch Starhawk, and her vision of a revival of goddess worship. He says that Christianity that focuses on Jesus Christ as personal Savior is “antimystical” and opposed to a “Cosmic Christ” Christianity.22
In 1991, Fox was ordered to leave his Institute for Culture and Creation Spirituality (in Oakland, California) and return to Chicago, or else be dismissed by his religious order. He refused, left the Catholic Church, and became an Anglican priest. He founded the University of Creation Spirituality (also located in Oakland) and is its president. Fox, Starhawk, and the voodoo priestess left the Institute for Culture and Creation Spirituality (at Holy Names College) in order to join the University of Creation Spirituality.23
Although Fox has left, his Institute for Culture and Creation Spirituality is still at Holy Names College. However, its name has been changed. It is now called the Sophia Center in Culture and Spirituality. It gives graduate degrees in Creation Spirituality. Judging by its courses, it appears to teach shamanism, African religions, and “eco- feminism.” Several courses appear to be Wiccan.24
Although he is no longer Catholic, Fox continues to have widespread influence among Catholics through priests and nuns who have been influenced by his teachings. His influence also continues through Catholics who are trained at the Sophia Center in Culture and Spirituality at Holy Names College.
Fox’s books are sold in both Catholic and New Age book stores. His books are featured at some Catholic retreat houses. They are used by nuns. This not only influences the nuns, it also influences Catholics who come under the influence of those nuns. (For example, other nuns, or students, or Catholics who attend retreats.)
Some of Matthew Fox’s books have unusual titles. One is Whee! We, Wee All the Way Home: A Guide to a Sensual, Prophetic Spirituality. Another is On Becoming a Musical, Mystical Bear: Spirituality American Style. His other books include One River Many Walls: Wisdom Springing from Global Faiths, and Exploring the Cosmic Christ Archetype.
Because of Fox’s teachings, some nuns have incorporated Wiccan rituals into their worship. Some nuns are teaching Fox’s “creation spirituality” to young children, and neglecting foundational doctrines such as sin and redemption. (Fox doesn’t believe in those doctrines.)25
19.Randy England, The Unicorn in the Sanctuary: The Impact of the New Age on the Catholic Church, pp. 118-128, op. cit.
20.Mitchell Pacwa, “Catholicism for the New Age: Matthew Fox and Creation- Centered Spirituality,” Creation Research Journal (Fall 1992), p. 14. The author is a Catholic priest. (Accessed 9/27/08)www.iclnet.org/pub/resources/text/cri/cri-jrnl/web/crj0001c.html
23.The website of the University of Creation Spirituality. (Accessed 9/27/08)www.matthewfox.org/sys-tmpl/htmlpage9/
24.The website of the Sophia Center in Culture and Spirituality. (Accessed 9/27/08)
25.Mitchell Pacwa, “Catholicism for the New Age: Matthew Fox and Creation- Centered Spirituality,” Creation Research Journal (Fall 1992), p. 14, op. cit. (Accessed 9/27/08)www.iclnet.org/pub/resources/text/cri/cri-jrnl/web/crj0001c.html