International Geographic Year 1957
The following interesting article appeared in the Time Magazine, in 1957.
In that historic year, International Geographic Year -1957, man placed the world under his multi-instrumented eye, studied it like a beetle under a microscope, and wrung from it, facts hitherto unknown. The scientists of 66 countries on both sides of the Iron Curtain, worked together harmoniously. There is nothing man is closer to than the earth underneath his feet, and hardly anything he has known less about! But even scientists, who were aware of their enormous ignorance of the earth’s crust, were astounded at how much they had not known about it.
They discovered grotesque new landscapes, stupendous in scale and scope, hidden from view by ocean waters and polar ice. They found out unfamiliar facts about old familiar places. They had to revise long cherished theories about the nature of our planet, and created for themselves a host of new puzzles.
71% of our globe is under water! Well known places apparently rooted with comfortable firmness, now seem to face an uncertain future. Even the shape of the earth seems to be somewhat illusionary. Instead of a solid globe, it is a bendable, slightly pear shaped spheroid, with a 45 degree bulge at the North Pole. The crust is craggier and more creased than thought, and the inner layers seem less rigid and more pliable.
Thus man emerges from I.G.Y. -1957, on a not so solid earth, with its deformed surface very restless, and its innards seething with disturbing inconsistency! WE LIVE ON A VERY RESTLESS PLANET!!
Paul in his letter to the Romans, said, “For we know that the whole creation groans and labours with birth pangs, together until now. “Rom. 8:22
Revelation tells us of God’s final show down with rebellious man, when he cleans up the earth, culminating in the battle of Armageddon. “And he gathered them together into a place called in the Hebrew tongue, Armageddon… And there were voices, and thunderings, and lightnings and there was A GREAT EARTHQUAKE, SUCH AS WAS NOT SINCE MEN WERE UPON THE EARTH, SO MIGHTY AND SO GREAT. And the great city was divided into three parts, AND THE CITIES OF THE NATIONS FELL… And every island fled away, and the mountains were not found. Revelations 16:16-20
In the first century after Christ only five major earthquakes were recorded. A major earthquake in modern day assessment, is six plus on the Richter Scale. A great earthquake is eight plus, on this scale.
IN THE FOURTEENTH CENTURY 157 MAJOR EARTHQUAKES WERE RECORDED
15th Century 174
16th Century 253
17th Century 278
18th Century 640
19th Century 2119
20th Century 7600 – Thus far!!
The worst earthquake in modern history, killed between 500,000 and 800,000 people in China, in 1976, leaving millions maimed and homeless.
3,000 earthquakes are recorded every day world-wide! Over a million every year!!
Some time ago, a whole morning was spent by the writer in the Star library in Johannesburg, retrieving details of earthquakes, from their interesting files. For those interested in facts and figures, here is a list of earthquakes that have taken their toll of human lives, bodies and property destruction over the years:
1556 China 830,000
1737 Calcutta 300,000
1755 Lisbon 60,000
1783 Italy 30,000
1883 Dutch Indies 36,000
1855 Tokyo, Razed to the ground
MAJOR EARTHQUAKE DISASTERS OF THE 20TH CENTURY
Killing countless thousands, and leaving millions maimed and homeless:
1902 Martinique 40,000 1956 Afghanistan 2,000
1906 San Francisco 5,000 1957 Persia 3,000
1906 Chile 20,000 1960 Morocco 12,000
1908 Italy 83,000 1960 Persia 3,000
1915 Italy 30,000 1960 Chile 6,000
1917 Guatemala 1962 Tehran 12,000
1920 China 100,000 1962 Iran 12,000
1923 Tokyo 200,000 1963 Tashkent 1,000
1927 China 200,000 1963 Skopje 1,000
1929 New Zealand 1964 Alaska 100
1932 China 70,000 1966 Turkey 1,100
1933 Japan 3,000 1968 Iran 12,000
1934 India 11,000 1969 South China 3,000
1935 India-Quetta 0,000 1970 Chile 12,000
1939 Chile 30,000 1970 Turkey 1,100
1939 Turkey 33,000 1970 Peru 70,000
1946 Japan 2,000 1972 Iran 6,000
1948 Japan 5,000 1972 Nicaragua 5,000
1949 Siberia 12,000 1974 South China 20,000
1950 India 1,500 1974 Pakistan 5,000
1953 Turkey 1,200 1975 Indonesia 6,000
By Charles G. Enerson